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The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, stands as a pivotal legislative measure in India, aimed at conserving and protecting the nation’s diverse wildlife. Enacted to address the alarming decline of India’s wildlife populations, the Act provides legal provisions for the safeguarding of rare and endangered species, their habitats, and ecosystems.

Under this Act, various schedules classify wildlife species, offering different degrees of protection. It outlaws hunting and poaching of animals listed in Schedule I and prescribes stringent penalties for violations. The Act also focuses on habitat preservation and the establishment of protected areas like national parks and sanctuaries.

To combat the illegal trade of wildlife and their derivatives, the Act empowers authorities to regulate and monitor trade, and establishes the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau to combat organized wildlife crimec

While the Act’s objective is clear, its enforcement remains a challenge. Poaching and habitat destruction continue to threaten the nation’s biodiversity. Collaborative efforts between government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and local communities are essential to address these issues effectively.

In conclusion, the Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972 reflects India’s commitment to preserving its rich natural heritage. It serves as a legal framework for wildlife conservation and protection, requiring continued vigilance and collective action to ensure the survival of the nation’s unique and diverse wildlife.

Written by : bhaumik Chaudhary , Collage : Chaudhary charan singh university, A FIFTH SEMESTER LEGAL JOURNALISM INTERN AT LEGAL VIDHIYA

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